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National Planning Institute: Industrialization is the primary path to successful development



The National Planning Institute of the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development held the fifth scientific follow-up activity seminars for the academic year 2020/2021. In which Dr. Maha Al-Shall - Assistant Professor at the Center for Industrial Planning and Development at the Institute presented a presentation of the Industrial Development Report for the year 2020 entitled "Industrializing in the Digital Age" issued by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO).


The report sheds light on a number of issues, the most important of which are advanced digital production technologies, the Fourth Industrial Revolution 4IR, and the abolition of borders that separate physical production systems from digital production systems. The report is based on surveys, surveys and opinion polls at the level of industrial companies of some developing countries (Ghana, Vietnam and Thailand), and individual case studies of companies. The report contains two main parts; The first part: Industrialization in the digital age and the second part: Industrialization trends and indicators.


The report emphasizes that the success of inclusive and sustainable industrial development depends, in essence, on new technology, as these technologies achieve an increase in industrial production and the opening of new markets, as shown in the following figure.


The report also indicates that the various industrial revolutions in history have divided the countries of the world into leading countries and dependent or developing countries that are not industrially advanced. The Fourth Industrial Revolution must be viewed as a development of the first, second and third revolutions, and not disrupted or hindered.


The report stressed that التصنيع Industrialization remains the primary path to successful development, to achieve the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, especially the ninth goal of the SDGs, "establishing flexible infrastructure, promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization, and encouraging innovation."


▪ Show the technology fields of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.


▪ The report emphasized the role that industrialization plays as a catalyst for comprehensive industrial development.


▪ The report states that the use of advanced technologies will lead to environmental improvements.


▪ All developing countries should pay attention to digital manufacturing.


▪ There are no solutions in manufacturing that are suitable for all countries, but rather depend on the nature of each country and its policies, and the use of advanced technologies will lead to environmental improvements.


▪ The report presented some strategic directions for policies towards the Fourth Industrial Revolution.


▪ Industrial competitiveness was measured through the Competitive Industrial Performance Competitiveness Index (Industrial Competitiveness 2015-2017).

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